The United Republic of Tanzania, commonly known as “Tanzania“ is a country located in East Africa with The Indian Ocean on one side and sharing the border with 7 Nations, namely: The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Kenya, Uganda, Mali, Mozambique, and Rwanda, The capital city of Tanzania is Dodoma. Tanzania's official language is "Swahili," and it is also the most commonly used language. However, most people do speak English, so communication in the city/towns is not a problem.
Tanzania, formerly known as "Tanganyika" which translates to "Sail in the Wilderness" in the Swahili Language is a top wildlife destination because of the wide range of safaris it offers. If you are a first-timer for the field of safari, then this country is the best choice for the diversity it offers. The government also has the best beach destination, "Zanzibar Island," known for its white sand beach and wide varieties of water activities. Finally, we cannot forget the highest free-standing mountain in the whole world, "Mt Kilimanjaro." Hence Tanzania is called the land of Kilimanjaro, Zanzibar, and The Serengeti.
Arriving at Tanzania
The country's main airport is located in the city of Dar Es Salaam, the "Julius Nyerere International Airport", IATA airport code is "DAR," most of the international flights arrive at this airport which is recommended if you wish to do a Safari in the Southern circuit of Tanzania. However, if you wish to do the safari in the Northern Part or want to hike Mt Kilimanjaro, then it is suggested to arrive at "Kilimanjaro International Airport" IATA airport code being "JRO." The other option for the safari doers only is that they can take a local airline and fly to "Arusha Airport" IATA airport code "ARK," which is just 60 KM or 1 hour and 30 min drive from JRO Airport. Arusha is the main starting point for safaris in the northern circuit of Tanzania. Apart from the safari or hike, if you wish to relax on the beaches of Zanzibar, then travelling to the international airport in Zanzibar, called the "Abeid Amani Karume International Airport" IATA airport code is "ZNZ” is recommended. There are other airports in Tanzania as well in cities like Mwanza, Dodoma but it is sporadic that tourists are going to travel there.
VISA and Vaccination
Most of the nationals will get a Tourist VISA on arrival, which will be valid for 90 Days, you can use the same VISA to visit Zanzibar Island as well. The cost will be USD 50 for all other nationals and USD 100 for US Citizens for a single entry (the cost might be changed anytime by the government). In August 2019, the Tanzanian government announced the changes to the visa on arrival process at Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO). The new process will involve a queue for obtaining the Government Control Number, after which you will have to pay for the VISA at the bank located in the airport for the given Number. Finally queuing for Immigration to check and issue the VISA. The visa on arrival process usually takes over two hours to complete. VISA fees remain the same, and certain VISA restrictions and special permissions still apply. Thus we recommend everyone wishing to visit Tanzania to apply for their visa online at https://eservices.immigration.go.tz/visa/.The online process requires more information than a visa on arrival and is issued within 2 - 3 weeks. Regarding the vaccination, we recommend all travelers should visit either their physician or a travel health clinic about three months before departure. Ask your doctor about vaccinations recommended by your government before traveling to Tanzania. However, Yellow Fever Vaccination is compulsory and has to be taken at least ten days before arriving in Tanzania. Other recommended vaccinations are Tetanus, Oral Polio, and Malaria (prophylaxis).